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What has changed in 10 years?

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What has changed in 10 years?

2008-2018



We conducted our first Lifestyles Survey in 2008 and our second in 2015, and repeated it in 2018. The survey was conducted in Turkey through face-to-face interviews with 5793 people in their households, in April, 2018. Our aim was to look more closely to everyday practices and values of the society, to understand how social layers with different lifestyles live and to cover the changed or unchanged trends in the society in the last 10 years.

In this presentation, we compare survey data of 2008 and 2018, and determine how the different indicators framing the society have changed over the last 10 years. We hope that it will be a useful resource for analyzing how the society progresses in different topics.

Settlement


Type of Settlement



Society in now resides far more in metropolitan cities.


Residence


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Turkey has also rapidly moved to apartment buildings.


Home Ownership


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Despite all the new apartment buildings, home ownership has not increased; it has even diminished.


Number of Persons Per Households


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The number of households with small populations is increasing along with apartments.

Education


Education


The proportion of schooled persons is increasing, but still 6 percent of the population is illiterate.


Mothers' Education


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Still, one third of mothers are illiterate.


Fathers' Education


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Fathers are more educated than mothers but still one sixth are illiterate.

Lifestyles


Lifestyles


The number of those who call themselves Modern or Religious Conservative has decreased, and the number of Traditional Conservatives has increased.


Happiness


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The number of those who feel happy in terms of general living conditions has decreased.

Marriage


Average Age


Turkey is getting old! People are getting married later.


Marital Status


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Even though the society is getting older, the proportion of singles has increased.


How Did They Marry?


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Marriage by consensus increases among young people; but arranged marriage is still in majority.

Level of Piety


Level of Piety


The structure of piety does not change; however, the non-believers are becoming more visible.


Religious Practices


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Although level of piety has not changed much, religious practices have decreased.


Headcover


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The proportion of covered women has not changed much; however, the ratio of calling cover as "Hijab" is decreasing.

Gender Roles


Appearance


Women's appearance is changing. Aesthetic intervention has become much more accepted in the last 3 years.


Role of Men


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The sharing of tasks in cooking is on the way to becoming more balanced.


Views on Woman


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There is progress in society's view on women.

Employment and Living


Those Working


While the education level has increased, the number of more qualified employees has increased. On the other hand, farmers are disappearing.


Those Not Working


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The percentage of housewives has decreased, but still they constitute more than a quarter of the society.


Employment Status


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Despite all the demographic movements in society, the proportion of those who do not work did not change.


How Many Persons Work In The Household??


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With the increase of the percentage of retirees and students, the percentage of households where no one works is increasing.


Average Income


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Incomes increased nominally. Nevertheless, considering inflation, the gain is not much.


Average Income Compared To Inflation


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Incomes increased nominally. Nevertheless, considering inflation, the gain is not much.

Perceptions


Expectations


Society in Turkey is more hopeful than 10 years ago.


Respect For Diversity


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The demand for coexistence is increasing. But more than half of the society tends to discriminate.


Authoritarianism


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The experience of a coup attempt seriously changed the attitude towards coups.

Consumption


Food Shopping


Despite rapid urbanization; we have not abandoned district bazaars and we are not used to buying food online.


Banking


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Banking is shifting from the branches to the internet.


Ownership


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Now, three-quarters of households have a dishwasher.

Entertainment


Eating Out


The practice of eating out decreased despite urbanization.


Alcohol - Smoking


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Campaigns, taxes, changing regulations…; but habits do not change.


Holidays


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It's not even a third who go for a vacation on holidays.

News


Following The News


Along with the internet, following the news is moving away from the mass media.


Social Media


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The biggest social changes in Turkey is in social media.


Music Preferences


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With the influence of urbanization, the percentage of those listening to folk music is decreasing and those listening to pop is increasing. However, the proportion of people listening to Arabesque music does not change.

The KONDA Lifestyle Survey and KONDA Data Warehouse include social findings far beyond this presentation. Please contact us for customized data mining reports.



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E-mail: bilgi@konda.com.tr

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